Most dog owners wonder whether it is typical for a dog to drool or it works as an indicator of an underlying medical issue. There are some breeds of dogs who drool more frequently than other dogs such as Pugs, Boxers, Bulldog, etc. Basically, the drool is the dog’s saliva which gets accumulated in their cheek pouches. Just like humans, dogs also use their saliva to swallow their food.
There are certain breeds of dogs that drool more than others such as bloodhounds, pugs, mastiffs, Saint Bernard, etc. Such dog breeds drool more than others because they have a loose upper lip which causes excessive drooling in them. All the saliva gets accumulated in the cheek pouches & whenever any head movement takes place, it results in drooling. Although drooling is normal in any breed of dog but it can become an alarming situation when normal drooling becomes excessive & irregular.
Here’re some of the functions that normal drooling or salivating serves for your canine companion:
- Dogs have antiseptic properties in their saliva which is why every time a dog gets hurt, he licks his wounds to prevent it from getting infected.
- Just like humans, dogs also use their saliva to eat their food easily
- Sometimes, dog drool to cool down
Drooling is normal in dogs to an extent but sudden and excessive drooling can be a sign of an emergency situation. In medical terms, excessive drooling is known as ptyalism. If your furry companion is salivating abnormally then you should consider taking him to a veterinarian as excessive drooling acts as an indicator of severe health complications.
Let’s consider the various possible reasons for drooling in dogs:
The major reason behind drooling in dogs is heatstroke. When a dog’s body gets overheated then they pant or drool excessively. During summertime, on noticing that your furry companion is panting or drooling excessively then you should consider offering him cold water.
Sometimes, dogs drool when they get anxious or stressed. On noticing sudden drooling, the dog owner should make possible efforts to keep his furry companion calm and out of stress. The dog owner should consult a veterinarian to know exactly the cause of stress and should try all the possible measures to avoid that situation.
Sometimes, dogs can also drool out of pain. Pain in any part of the mouth can result in excessive drooling. If the dog owner notices that his furry companion is drooling all of a sudden then he should look out for any mouth or throat injuries. Dental problems can also make your dog drool excessively so the dog owner should provide proper oral hygiene to his dog.
There are a various variety of plants that can be poisonous for your furry companion. When a dog ingests any poisonous plant then it can make him drool excessively, moreover, it can create severe health complications.
Hypersalivation can also occur due to excessive excitement. It is very normal for any dog to drool when they get excited.
So, these are a few reasons for drooling in dogs. The dog owner should properly monitor his dog’s well being, and on noticing sudden excessive drooling then he should visit a doctor immediately as sometimes, hypersalivation acts as an indicator of underlying health complications.
Treatment of sudden excessive drooling in dogs
Treating excessive drooling is highly crucial as sometimes drooling indicates an underlying medical issue. The dog owner should consider visiting his veterinarian on noticing excessive drooling in their dog. The doctor will run a thorough examination to determine the possible cause of the drooling then he will treat accordingly.
Here are some of the possible treatments:
First of all, the doctor will cleanse your dog’s mouth then he will let the skin dry. Then he will check or any signs of poisoning, foreign object or any allergic reaction.
- In case of poisoning, the doctor will treat it as an emergency situation & will try to extract all the poison from the body.
- In case of ingestion of foreign objects, the doctor will remove it surgically then he will keep your dog on proper medication to heal him quickly.
- In the case of inflamed salivary glands, the doctor may remove the gland to avoid any future possibility of excessive drooling/ptyalism in dogs.
- In the case of anxiety, you need to create a comfortable, happy & unstressful environment. Also, keep the things away which could kick anxiety in your dog
Prevention of excessive drooling in dogs
As they say, “prevention is better than cure” so the dog owners should take all the possible steps to keep their dog’s drooling normal. To prevent excessive drooling, the dog owners need to take proper care of their dog’s oral hygiene as it will not only keep their teeth healthy but will also stop their drooling. The next thing that one can do is avoid making the dog anxious. Dogs tend to drool excessively when anxiety hits them so to eliminate drooling, it is essential to keep anxiety away from them.
Although drooling is a natural process but excessive drooling requires proper medical attention otherwise it can lead to many health complications. The dog owners should always take the necessary steps to deal with excessive drooling in dogs.