Canine influenza or dog flu is a highly contagious respiratory disease. It is caused by the variety of viruses.It can be spread easily from an infected dog to another dog through aerosolized respiratory secretion. H3N8 and H3N2 are the two strains of canine influenza. It can also spread through the use of the contaminated object.
Veterinarians believe that most of the cases are not severe and can be treated well if the owner caught it in time so the owners always consider visiting the doctor if they find any of these symptoms of canine influenza.
- Eye discharge
- Loss of appetite
- Nose discharge
- Respiratory infection
If cough along with other symptoms stays for more than two days then you should visit a veterinarian. The dogs who spend their time in the dog park or dog daycare are more exposed to the risk of canine influenza. The virus can live on the other things like toys, clothes, dog bowls etc so, it is advisable to keep every dog supply clean and hygienic. Puppies and senior dogs are more likely to develop a serious infection.
Most of the canine influenza cases are considered mild and they don’t require supportive care. However, The older dogs, puppies, and pregnant dogs are more prone to infections so they require antibiotics, fluid therapy, and anti-inflammatory medicine. Generally, Dogs can recover within 3 weeks but it may take longer time if the dog has develops any secondary infection.
Vaccination offering protection from both H3N8 and H3N2 viruses are available. The doses of vaccination are given considering the lifestyle of your dog.
As prevention is always better than cure, it is always a better idea to keep your dog away from infected dogs. Always make sure that you clean all the food supplies. And, if your dog is exposed to flu then you should avoid taking him outdoors. Do not let your dog share food and water bowls. Always wash your hands with soap after petting another dog.
Contact your veterinarian for all the additional information that you need to require to prevent your dog from getting infected