How Fast Is The Average Softball Pitch


Average Softball is a dynamic and exciting sport, with one of its most thrilling elements being the speed at which pitchers can throw the ball. While the fastest pitches often make headlines, understanding the average pitch speed provides valuable insight into the game and the skills of everyday players. This comprehensive blog will explore the average speed of softball pitches, the factors that influence it, and how it compares across different levels of play. We will also delve into the training methods and mechanics behind effective pitching and the broader impact of pitch speed on the sport.

Understanding Average Softball Pitching Mechanics

The Basics of the Windmill Pitch


Softball pitching is characterized by the underhand windmill motion, a technique distinct from baseball’s overhand throw. This full circular arm motion starts behind the hip, rises above the head, and whips down to release the ball at the hip level. The windmill motion is crucial for generating speed and allows for various pitch types, such as the rise ball, drop ball, and curveball.

Key Phases of the Windmill Pitch

Wind-Up: The pitcher starts with a step back, shifting weight to the back foot to create initial momentum.

Arm Circle: The arm moves in a complete circle. During this motion, the pitcher’s body coils to store energy.

Stride: A powerful stride forward is crucial. The length and strength of this stride can greatly influence pitch speed.

Release: The ball is released at the hip level, utilizing the stored energy to maximize velocity.

Follow-Through: A proper follow-through ensures that the energy is fully transferred to the ball, aiding in both speed and accuracy.

Average Pitch Speeds Across Different Levels of Play

Youth Average Softball

At the youth level, pitchers are typically still developing their skills and strength. For players aged 10-12, average pitch speeds range from 40 to 50 mph. As they progress to the 13-15 age group, average speeds increase to 45-55 mph. These speeds reflect the gradual development of physical strength and pitching mechanics.

High School Average Softball

High school pitchers generally throw faster than their younger counterparts, with average speeds ranging from 55 to 60 mph. By this stage, players have usually honed their techniques and built significant strength, allowing them to achieve higher velocities.

College Average Softball

College softball is where pitch speeds become more competitive. The average pitch speed for college pitchers is typically between 60 and 65 mph. Elite college pitchers can often exceed this range, occasionally reaching speeds over 70 mph.

Professional and International Average Softball

At the professional and international levels, the average pitch speed ranges from 65 to 70 mph. Top-tier pitchers in leagues such as the National Pro Fastpitch (NPF) and international competitions can reach speeds in the low 70s, showcasing the peak of what can be achieved in the sport.

Factors Influencing Pitch Speed

Physical Conditioning

A pitcher’s physical condition is a critical factor in determining their pitch speed. Strength training, flexibility exercises, and cardiovascular fitness are essential components of a pitcher’s regimen. Core strength, in particular, is vital as it contributes to the power generated during the windmill motion.

Strength Training

Strength training focuses on building muscle in key areas such as the legs, core, shoulders, and arms. Exercises like squats, deadlifts, and lunges enhance leg strength, crucial for a powerful stride. Core exercises such as planks and medicine ball throws help stabilize the body and transfer energy efficiently. Shoulder and arm workouts, including resistance band exercises and dumbbell presses, ensure the muscles involved in the pitching motion are strong and resilient.

Flexibility and Mobility

Flexibility and mobility exercises are crucial for preventing injuries and allowing a full range of motion. Dynamic stretches, yoga, and foam rolling are commonly used to maintain muscle elasticity and joint health. Improved flexibility ensures that pitchers can achieve the optimal arm circle and stride length necessary for maximum pitch speed.

Cardiovascular Fitness

Cardiovascular fitness is important for overall endurance, enabling pitchers to maintain their speed and performance throughout the game. Interval training, running, and cycling are typical cardiovascular exercises that help enhance a pitcher’s stamina. A well-conditioned cardiovascular system allows pitchers to perform at their best for longer periods, maintaining high pitch velocities even in the later innings of a game.

Technique and Mechanics

The efficiency of a pitcher’s technique and mechanics directly impacts their speed. Proper mechanics involve a synchronized movement of the body, maximizing the kinetic chain from the legs through the torso to the arm. Coaches often use video analysis to break down a pitcher’s motion, identifying areas for improvement.


Video Analysis

Using high-speed cameras, coaches can capture the intricacies of a pitcher’s form. This allows for detailed analysis of each phase of the pitch, from the wind-up to the follow-through. Identifying mechanical flaws, such as improper arm positioning or inadequate hip rotation, can lead to targeted corrections and significant speed improvements. By fine-tuning their mechanics, pitchers can achieve smoother, more efficient motions that translate into higher velocities.


Biomechanics studies the forces exerted by muscles and the motion of body parts during pitching. Understanding these forces helps pitchers optimize their movements, reducing strain on joints and maximizing velocity. Biomechanical analysis can reveal the ideal angles and timing for each phase of the pitch, allowing pitchers to harness their full potential.

Mental Conditioning

Mental conditioning is often overlooked but is crucial for a pitcher’s success. Focus, confidence, and resilience are key attributes that enable pitchers to perform under pressure.

Visualization Techniques

Visualization involves mentally rehearsing the pitching motion and successful outcomes. This technique helps pitchers build confidence and reduce anxiety during games. By visualizing each pitch and its desired trajectory, pitchers can prepare themselves mentally for the challenges they will face on the mound.

Mindfulness and Meditation

Mindfulness and meditation practices improve concentration and emotional regulation, allowing pitchers to stay calm and focused during high-pressure situations. These techniques can help pitchers manage stress and maintain a clear mind, ensuring they can execute their pitches with precision and speed.

Environmental Factors

Environmental factors such as weather, field conditions, and altitude can also affect pitch speed. For example, pitches tend to be faster in warmer weather as muscles are more flexible and generate more power. Conversely, cold weather can lead to muscle stiffness, potentially reducing pitch velocity. Understanding and adapting to these environmental variables is crucial for pitchers aiming to maintain consistent speed and performance.

Training Methods to Enhance Pitch Speed

Drills and Exercises

Pitchers undergo various drills and exercises specifically designed to enhance their pitch speed.

Speed Drills

Speed drills focus on increasing the quickness of the arm motion. These drills include rapid fire pitching, where pitchers throw multiple pitches in quick succession, emphasizing speed over accuracy. By repeatedly practicing quick arm motions, pitchers can develop the muscle memory and coordination needed for faster pitches.

Plyometric Exercises

Plyometric exercises such as box jumps, hurdle hops, and medicine ball throws develop explosive power, crucial for a fast pitch. These exercises train the muscles to generate force quickly, enhancing the pitcher’s ability to deliver high-velocity pitches. Plyometric training also improves overall athleticism, contributing to better performance on the field.

Weighted Ball Training

Throwing weighted balls helps pitchers build arm strength and improve their throwing mechanics. This training method should be carefully monitored to avoid overuse injuries. Weighted ball training can enhance both speed and control, providing a dual benefit for pitchers looking to improve their performance.

Nutrition and Recovery

Proper nutrition and recovery are essential for pitchers to maintain their peak performance levels.

Balanced Diet

A balanced diet rich in proteins, carbohydrates, and healthy fats provides the necessary energy and nutrients for muscle growth and repair. Hydration is equally important to prevent fatigue and maintain muscle function. Pitchers should focus on consuming nutrient-dense foods that support their training and recovery needs.

Recovery Techniques

Recovery techniques such as ice baths, massage therapy, and adequate sleep help pitchers recover from intense training sessions and games, reducing the risk of injury. Proper recovery ensures that pitchers can continue to train and compete at high levels without compromising their health. Stretching and mobility exercises can also aid in recovery by reducing muscle soreness and improving flexibility.



Understanding the average speed of softball pitches provides valuable insight into the sport and the skills required at various levels of play. From youth leagues to professional competitions, pitch speeds reflect the development and refinement of physical conditioning, technique, and mental focus. The mechanics behind the windmill pitch, combined with advanced training methods, enable pitchers to achieve impressive speeds that impact both offensive and defensive strategies. As technology and training continue to advance, the future of softball pitching looks promising, with the potential for even greater speeds and enhanced performance. The thrill of high-speed pitches, whether from iconic players or rising stars, will continue to captivate fans and drive the sport forward.