Just like humans, dogs can have allergies which can get triggered due to a number of reasons. Generally, allergies occur when the immune system find any outside source harmful and reacts to it. There are an array of allergies which a dog have, though some are genetically predisposed whereas some are seasonal allergies. When the immune system of the body fears any unwanted encounter from foreign invaders then it releases white blood cells, and if in the process immune system overreacts then it results in developing allergy symptoms. Apart from foreign invaders, allergies can also occur due to food protein, dust, and bites of bugs.
How dogs have allergies?
Just like any member of the animal kingdom, dogs can also have allergies which take place when their immune system react to encountering any foreign invader or allergens. To fight them off, the immune system releases white blood cells to eliminate the pathogens resulting in inflammation of the skin. The allergens can enter the body through numerous pathways such as nose, skin, eyes, etc. which further triggers an allergic reaction.
Generally, there are 3 types of allergies that can affect your canine companion. Food allergies, environmental allergies & allergies from parasites. All the dog owners should be aware of all the signs, treatment and complication of allergies to help their furry companion in dealing with it.
The immune system helps in keeping the health of the body intact by fighting off the harmful diseases but when it comes to allergies, it works differently which can essentially cause harm to your furry companion’s body.
Let’s briefly discuss the common allergies in dogs:
Although food allergies are less common than other allergies still any dog breed can have them. Food allergies in dogs occur due to any protein or carbohydrate present in pet foods. Food allergies develop in dogs when their immune system misidentifies any substance as a foreign invader and reacts to it. Then the dog started showing the symptoms of food allergies. Breeds like Labrador retriever, white terrier, etc are more prone to food allergies. The most common sign of food allergies is rashes all over the body
Diagnosing food allergies is quite difficult as there are multiple food ingredients in pet food so your veterinarian will try to find it by eliminating one ingredient at a time. Once the doctor detects the culprit ingredient, make sure to keep your pooch away from it.
One of the most common allergies in dogs is a flea allergy. Dogs with hypersensitive skin are more prone to develop flea allergies. This type of allergy occurs when a dog reacts to a protein present in the flea saliva which results in developing the allergy symptoms. Flea allergies are widely common in the summers so the dog owner should always inspect his furry companion’s body during warm weather. You can also use flea control products to keep your dog away from fleas.
Another common type of allergies in dogs is environment allergy or seasonal allergy. It is an inhalant allergy & occurs when dogs inhale pollen, dust or grass. Generally, it occurs when a dog develops sensitivity to the allergens in the environment. Allergies of this kind only develop during a specific time of the year. The common symptoms of environmental allergies are itchy skin and a runny nose. On noticing these symptoms, you need to take your pooch to a veterinarian for proper evaluation of allergy & its corresponding treatment.
How to deal with dog allergy?
Having any sort of allergy is a sad thing for both the dog and its owner. The dog owner needs to make ample efforts to keep his furry friend develop allergic reaction as it can severely harm your furry friend’s overall health. On noticing any symptom of allergies, you should rush your pooch to a veterinarian to attain the required help.
However, the best way to deal with allergies is by avoiding allergens as much as possible. The possibility of treatment and prevention is different in all the allergy cases. Like in food allergy, one should avoid feeding the food which the dog is allergic to, and to deal with flea allergy, you can use anti-flea products
Every dog owner is responsible to keep his furry friend’s health intact. If your furry companion has developed an allergy from any substance so you need to bring needed changes in his diet & lifestyle to keep him away from allergies.